Parental Rights of Divorced Muslim parents who were only married in terms of Muslim Rights
When Muslim parents divorce, either via talak or faskh, there remains the unresolved issue of their respective parental rights to their children. Parents married in terms of South African civil law have the advantage of having the civil divorce court deal with the issue of access (contact) and custody (care). The divorce court is obliged to do this before pronouncing a final decree of divorce. This is however not the case of a talak or faskh. As you would see later, we suggest that Muslim divorced parents enter into a parenting plan.
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Muslim Fathers’ rights
Muslim fathers, who were married in terms of Muslim Rites, have just as much rights as the mothers, to their children. This is so notwithstanding them having been married in terms of Islamic Rights only. From a South African Legal perspective, they are both co-holders of parental responsibilities and rights with regard to their children.
What often happens is that one parent refuses the other reasonable contact to the child. Or takes the stance that he or she is the sole decider as to where and when the other parent may have contact to the children. This is not lawful and clearly not in the children’s best interests. The end result is, for example, the father takes the mother to the High Court and the Judge confirms the father’s rights which he had all along. This can turn out to be very expensive and draining on the children and parents alike. Attorneys and Advocates may be used and simple issues gets battled out in the public domain. A more responsible approach needs to be followed which is suggested next.
What can Muslim parents do when separating?
Should parents married in terms of Muslim Rites who had a child or children together, separate, it is suggested that they as soon as possible try to agree on a parenting plan and have it registered with the Office of the Family Advocate or have it made an Order of Court. This option became available since 1 April 2010 with the coming into effect of section 33 of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005. If a parent refuses to try to agree on a parenting plan, the Court needs to be approach. This situation is best to be avoided.
The parenting plan would be a document which the parents themselves decided upon and not dictated to them by the Court. Of course, the parenting plan has to be in the child or children’s best interests. By parents following the parenting plan route, they would keep their personal issues out of the realm of the Court and concentrate on being the best parents they be can for their children. This is so, notwithstanding their relationship with each other has severed.
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